There are very extreme environmental conditions on Mars, in which a person cannot survive even a minute without special protection. Therefore, the first step towards the colonization of this mysterious planet will be to build a safe base. It will protect astronauts not only from radiation, but also from drastic temperature changes and dust storms.
Space agencies also spent their sleepless nights on the supply of oxygen and water to Mars. As we all know, they are essential to human survival. However, until now it was thought that it would be difficult to get them from the surface of the planet. Now, however, it turns out that it will be child's play. Very interesting technology developed on Earth will help in this.
If it is not necessary to transport water and oxygen from Earth to Mars to meet the needs of the first colonizers, the construction of colonies there should moviesfront much faster. As if that was not enough, the cost of flights to the Red Planet will drop significantly and you will be able to use the space in the rockets for the elements needed to build the bases.
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have developed a method of producing fuel and oxygen from salt water beneath the surface of Mars and in the polar regions. As water is present there with perchlorates, it can remain liquid also at low temperatures. Scientific experiments have shown that there is no problem with the electrolysis process that breaks down water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen with the help of electricity.
Such capabilities are possessed by electrocatalysts developed for the electrolysis of sea water. It's amazing that they also deal with perchlorate salt water electrolysis. Thanks to this technology, we will be able to produce pure hydrogen and oxygen under Martian conditions. This means that colonizers will be able to produce rocket fuel and life-giving oxygen directly at their bases, which will be built right next to salt water tanks.
As for the energy needed to carry out these reactions, NASA already has a highly efficient nuclear reactor called Kilopower. Scientists boast that the new device produces more than 25 times more oxygen than MOXIE, a special instrument on board the Perseverance rover. Thanks to it, the rover is to carry out a test of obtaining oxygen from carbon dioxide.